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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of urinary bladder cancer and chronic urinary tract infection patients and control

From: Serum level and single-nucleotide polymorphisms of toll-like receptor-7 among urinary bladder cancer Iraqi patients

Characteristic UBC (N = 66) UTI (N = 40) Control (N = 48) p
N % N % N %
Gender        < 0.001
 Male 59 89.4 8 20.0 24 50.0  
 Female 7 10.6 32 80.0 24 50.0  
Age group        < 0.001
< 48 years 18 27.3 28 70.0 40 83.3  
≥ 48 year 48 72.7 12 30.0 8 16.7  
Cigarette-smoking        < 0.001
 Yes 51 77.3 6 15.0 20 41.7  
 No 15 22.7 34 85.0 28 58.3  
Alcohol-consuming        < 0.010
 Yes 20 30.3 2 5.0 4 8.3  
 No 46 69.7 38 95.0 44 91.7  
Family history
 Yes 13 19.7      
 No 53 80.3      
Clinical stage
 I–II 41 62.1      
 III–IV 25 37.9      
Tumor invasiveness
 Superficial 29 43.9      
 Invasive 37 56.1      
Type of therapy
 Untreated 19 28.8      
 Methotrexate 33 50.0      
 BCG 14 21.2      
  1. BCG Bacillus Calmette–Guérin, N absolute number, p Pearson’s chi-square test probability, UBC urinary bladder cancer, UTI urinary tract infection