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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion (I/D) gene polymorphism in Iraqi type 2 diabetic patients: association with the risk of cardiac autonomic neuropathy

VariableDiabetic mellitus n = 142Controls n = 100p value
Age (years)53.35 ± 7.8351.73 ± 8.810.109†
Sex
Male62 (43.66%)39 (39%)0.469‡
Female80 (56.34 %)61 (61%) 
Weight (kg)84.16 ± 10.6482.85 ± 10.280.061†
Height (cm)170.6 ± 12.85167.94 ± 14.090.116†
BMI (kg/m2)29.68 ± 3.7829.16 ± 4.60.334†
Waist/hip ratio0.92 ± 0.0740.93 ± 0.1280.093†
Current smoking
Yes34 (23.94%)18 (18%)0.268‡
No108 (76.06%)82 (82%) 
  1. CAN cardiac autonomic neuropathy, BMI body mass index, † t test, ‡ chi-square