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Table 2 Fasting glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, and lipids profile in different groups

From: Role of swimming on muscle PGC-1α, FNDC5 mRNA, and assessment of serum omentin, adropin, and irisin in high carbohydrate high fat (HCHF) diet induced obesity in rats

  Control, n = 15 Cont + swim, n = 15 HCHF, n = 15 HCHF + swim, n = 15
Glucose (mg/dl) 87.15 ± 10.6a 76 ± 10.1a 163 ± 7.6b 116 ± 4.7c
Insulin (mUI/l) 0.73 ± 0.02a 0.41 ± 0.02b 1.03 ± 0.08c 0.68 ± 0.04a
HOMA-IR 0.15 ± 0.01a 0.05 ± 0.02b 0.39 ± 0.03c 0.19 ± 0.01a
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 57 ± 9.7a 48.8 ± 8.1a 180 ± 19.6b 74.8 ± 14.1c
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 55.8 ± 17.6a 31.8 ± 4.0b 135 ± 15.3c 125 ± 10.4c
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dl) 88.5 ± 0.7a 104 ± 4.2b 57.5 ± 3.5c 95.5 ± 3.3b
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error (SE). n denotes number of rats in each group. Different letters (superscripts a, b, c, d) indicate statistical differences (one-way ANOVA with post hoc Tukey test. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant)