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Table 1 Characteristics of COVID-19 patients

From: Coronavirus disease 19 and risk of hyperglycemia among Iraqi patients

Characteristic All patients
N = 213
Normoglycemia
N = 54
Prediabetes
N = 48
Diabetes
N = 111
p value
Age; year 57.4 ± 15.3 53.2 ± 16.8B 55.6 ± 15.7AB 60.4 ± 13.7A 0.01
Gender      
 Male 184 (86.4) 47 (87.0) 43 (89.6) 94 (84.7) 0.701
 Female 29 (13.6) 7 (13.0) 5 (10.4) 17 (15.3)  
BMI      
 Normal-weight 43 (20.2) 12 (22.2) 7 (14.6) 24 (21.6) 0.544
 Overweight/obese 170 (79.8) 42 (77.8) 41 (85.4) 87 (78.4)  
Blood group      
 O 80 (37.6) 23 (42.6) 15 (31.3) 43 (38.7) 0.587
 A 67 (31.5) 15 (27.8) 15 (31.3) 36 (32.4)  
 B 46 (21.6) 12 (22.2) 10 (20.8) 24 (21.6)  
 AB 20 (9.4) 4 (7.4) 8 (16.7) 8 (7.2)  
Rh      
 Negative 36 (16.9) 10 (18.5) 6 (12.5) 20 (18.0) 0.650
 Positive 177 (83.1) 44 (81.5) 42 (87.5) 91 (82.0)  
Hb 14.2 ± 8.0 15.0 ± 13.5 13.6 ± 2.2 13.9 ± 2.8 0.638
PLT 271.3 ± 133.2 243.6 ± 100.4B 314.6 ± 131.6A 262.2 ± 152.1AB 0.026
WBC 13.9 ± 7.3 13.3 ± 6.8 15.5 ± 9.8 13.4 ± 6.1 0.190
ESR 58.8 ± 29.1 55.3 ± 30.5 60.5 ± 29.0 60.5 ± 28.2 0.562
RBG 269.5 ± 179.4 109.1 ± 23.7C 167.6 ± 19.0B 391.6 ± 170.6A  < 0.001
ALT 54.9 ± 47.8 44.9 ± 37.1 64.5 ± 61.0 52.9 ± 37.1 0.103
AST 41.9 ± 22.0 40.7 ± 20.2 43.4 ± 19.2 41.0 ± 25.2 0.799
ALP 98.8 ± 70.9 90.4 ± 39.6AB 84.3 ± 59.4B 116.1 ± 92.8A 0.041
CHOL 181.2 ± 87.2 165.5 ± 61.0 180.0 ± 93.4 192.9 ± 100.1 0.243
TRIG 200.3 ± 118.9 189.7 ± 119.9 211.2 ± 119.7 198.6 ± 118.3 0.676
SCr 1.7 ± 5.4 1.7 ± 5.5 1.1 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 7.0 0.670
BUN 63.7 ± 66.3 54.0 ± 31.9 59.1 ± 42.8 75.1 ± 94.9 0.205
  1. Values are given as either mean ± standard deviation or a number followed by a percentage in parentheses
  2. Rh: Rhesus blood group; Hb: Hemoglobin (g/dL); PLT: Platelets (109/L); WBC: White blood cell (109/L); ESR: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (mm/hour); RBG: Random blood glucose (mg/dL); ALT: Alanine aminotransferase (U/L); AST: Aspartate aminotransferase; ALP: Alkaline phosphatase (U/L); CHOL: Total serum cholesterol (mg/dL): TRIG: Triglycerides (mg/dL); SCr: Serum creatinine (mg/dL); BUN: Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dL); p: Person Chi-square test or one-way analysis of variance probability followed by Duncan multiple range test post hoc (Significant p-value is marked in bold). Different superscript letters indicate significant difference between means in rows (p ≤ 0.05), while similar letters indicate no significant difference (p > 0.05)