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Table 2 Association and pathway studies of alcohol addiction

From: Association of OPRM1 with addiction: a review on drug, alcohol and smoking addiction in worldwide population

S. No Population/ethnicity Alcohol-dependent cases Controls Genes Publication
  OPRM1 OPRK1 OPRD1  
1 US Caucasian 100     [42]
  Finnish 324    
  American Indians 367    
2 Asian 53 82    [11]
3 American Indians 251     [43]
4 Mix (7) 100 116    [15]
5 European Americans 179 297    [44]
6 European Americans 219     [45]
7 European Americans 219 832 [21]
8 European Americans 318 338    [22]
9 European Americans 557 443   [23]
10 Finnish 512 511    [46]
11 Caucasian 236 84    [26]
  African Americans 74 34   
12 Los Angelas (White, AfricanAmerican, Asian, Latino, NativeAmerican) 295     [41]
13 Spanish (Caucasian) 763     [40]
14 Korean 112 140    [47]
  1. The table explains the association and pathway studies of alcohol-dependent cases and controls in the genes OPRM1, OPRK1 and OPRD1 in different populations