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Table 1 Participants demographic data

From: Effect of virtual reality on motor coordination in children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Study,
Year,
Country
Mean age ± SD Gender (male%) Participant characteristics Number (Exp./Cono.)
Exp Con Exp Con
Chen et al. [32]
2012
Taiwan
8.7 y ± 2.1 y 8.5y ± 2.2 y 9
69.23%
10
66.67%
Spastic di. and Hemiplegic 30 (14/16)
Ramstrand and Lygnegåd [33]
2012
Sweden
8–17 Not specified for each group Hemiplegic diplegia 18
Rostami et al. [34]
2012
Iran
Mean 92 m
77–110) (range
96 m
Range (74–140 m)
4 4 Spastic Hemiparetic 32 (24/8)
100 m
Range (74–124 m)
4
98 m
Range (87–128 m)
4
Druzibicki et al. [35]
2013
Poland
  10.1 (10.5)* 11.0 (11.0)* 19
54
Spastic diplegia 52 (26/26)
Chiu et al. [36]
2014
Taiwan
9.4 y ± 1.9 y 9.5 y ± 1.9 y 15
47%
13
43%
Spastic Hemiplegic 62 (32/30)
Gilliaux et al. [37]
2015
Belgium
10.8 y ± 4.6 y 11 y ± 3.5 y Not specified Quadri-/di-/hemiplegic 16 (8/8)
James et al. [38]
2015
Australia
11 y 8 m ± 2 y 4 m 11 y 10 m ± 2 y 5 m 26
51%
25
50%
Spastic UCP 102 (51/51)
Greeco et al. [39]
2015
Brazil
8.2 (1.6) 8.8 (1.1) 6
60
5
50
Spastic diparetic 20 (10/10)
Zoccolillo et al. [40]
2015
Italy
6.89 y ± 1.91 y Not specified Not specified 22 (11/11)
Cho et al. [41]
2016
Korea
10.2 y ± 3.4 y 9.4 y ± 3.8 y Not specified Spastic C.P 18 (9/9)
Acar et al. [42]
2016
Turkey
9.53 y ± 3.04 y 9.73 y ± 2.86 y 8
53.33%
6
40%
Spastic Hemiplegic 30 (15/15)
Ürgen et al. [43]
2016
Turkey
11.07 ± 2.37 years 11.33 ± 2.19 years 7
46.67
7
46.67
Hemiplegic spastic CP 33 (17/16)
Bedair et al. [44]
2016
Egypt
7.05 y ± .0.99 y 7.25 y ± 0.96 y 12
60%
11
55%
Spastic Hemiplegic 40 (20/20)
Uysal and Baltaci [45]
2016
Turkey
9.13 y (2.57) 10.11 y (2.62) 8
66.7%
2
16.7%
Spastic hemiplegic 24 (12/12)
Tarakci et al. [34]
2016
Turkey
10.46 y (2.69) 10.53 y (2.79) Not specified Diplegia
hemiplegia
dyskinetic
38` (19/19)
Wallard et al. [46]
2017
France
8.3 ± 1.2 9.6 ± 1.7 8
57.14
7
43.75
Spastic diplegia 30 (14/16)
Lazzari et al. [47]
2017
Brazil
7.6 y ± 2.2 y 7.4 y ± 2 y 7
70%
7
70%
Not Specified 22 (11/11)
Gatica Rojas et al. [48]
2017
Chile
10.2 y (3.1) 11.2 y (3.6) 10
62.5%
9
56.25%
Congenital
Spastic hemiplegic
Spastic diplegic
32 (16/16)
Sajan et al. [49]
2017
India
10.6 y ± 3.78 y 12.4 y ± 4.93y 6
55%
5
50%
Spastic di-/tri-/quadriplegic 20 (10/10)
  1. SD standard deviation, Exp. experimental group, Con. control group, no number, Y years, m. months, UCP unilateral cerebral palsy