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Table 4 Top five canonical pathways revealed by ingenuity pathway analysis

From: Pathway analysis of smoking-induced changes in buccal mucosal gene expression

Pathway p value − log(p value) Z score
Nitric oxide and reactive oxygen production at macrophages 0.00124 2.9 − 1.26
Retinol biosynthesis pathways 0.00159 2.7 − 1.3
Thyroid tumor signaling pathways 0.00441 2.3 − 0.81
Insulin signaling pathways 0.00860 2.0 − 2.11
Macrophages/fibroblasts and endothelial cells in rheumatoid arthritis 0.00895 2.0 N/A