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  1. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder marked by the death of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons in response to the compounding effects of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfu...

    Authors: Suchita Ganesan and Venkatachalam Deepa Parvathi
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:86
  2. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 213 patients with COVID-19 who did not have a clinical history of diabetes at hospital admission. One week after hospitalization, they were stratified by ...

    Authors: Ali H. Ad’hiah, Noor T. Al-Bayatee and Aeshah A. Ahmed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:82
  3. Pompe disease (PD) is a serious genetic disorder caused by deficiency of acid α-glucosidase (GAA) and subsequent glycogen accumulation inside lysosomes. This study included a cohort of 5 Egyptian infants (1–8 ...

    Authors: Mona Essawi, Nagham ElBagoury, Engy Ashaat, Wessam Sharaf-Eldin and Ekram Fateen
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:87
  4. Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that affects a person’s perception and socialization, resulting in problems in social interaction and communication. It has no single known ...

    Authors: Amany H. Abdelrahman, Ola M. Eid, Mona H. Ibrahim, Safa N. Abd El-Fattah, Maha M. Eid and Nagwa A. Meguid
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:81
  5. Mitochondria dysfunction is one of the clinical features of diabetes mellitus (DM), which is a hallmark of insulin resistance (IR). This study investigates the therapeutic effect of Momordica charantia nanopartic...

    Authors: Olusola Olalekan Elekofehinti, Olusola Christianah Ayodele and Opeyemi Iwaloye
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:80
  6. Spontaneous apoptosis and expression of MCL1, BCL2, and BCL-XL may be useful prognostic markers in acute leukemia patients. The purpose of this study is to examine the prognosis in adult leukemia patients based o...

    Authors: Huda F. Ebian, Lobna A. El-korashi, Ahmed Embaby, Marwa H. Hussien and Alshymaa A. Ahmed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:91
  7. During the interpretation of genome sequencing data, some types of secondary findings are identified that are located in genes that do not appear to be related to the causes of the primary disease. Although th...

    Authors: Mana Zakeri, Mohammad Sadegh Safaiee, Forough Taheri, Eskandar Taghizadeh, Gordon A. Ferns, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan and Alireza Pasdar
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:79
  8. Anorectal malformations (ARM) represent a wide spectrum of defects. Caudal and genitourinary malformations can associate with anorectal malformations. Genetic factors may play role in the development of anorec...

    Authors: Ayca Kocaaga, Sevgi Yimenicioglu and Cigdem Arslan Alıcı
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:88
  9. One of the crucial functions of the immune system is to prevent tumorigenesis, yet cancer occurs when malignant cells manage to evade immune surveillance via multiple strategies. Accordingly, this study aimed ...

    Authors: Sara M. Radwan, Nooran S. Elleboudy, Nermeen A. Nabih, Amal El-kholy and Amany M. Kamal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:78
  10. Disorders in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mutations are the common cause of colon cancer. Detection of these mutations is the first step in colon cancer diagnosis. Differentiation among normal and cancerous col...

    Authors: Safaa M. Naeem, Mai S. Mabrouk, Mohamed A. Eldosoky and Ahmed Y. Sayed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:77
  11. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in lung tumorigenesis. Among different lncRNAs, overexpression of the lncRNA actin filament‐associated protein 1‐antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) in lung tumors has ...

    Authors: Sajjad Ghalib Ibrahim Alnajar, Ali Rajabi, Melika Maydanchi, Samaneh Tayefeh Gholami, Ali Saber and Reza Safaralizadeh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:76
  12. Methylmalonic acidemia with homocystinuria is caused by a rare inborn error of vitamin B12 (cobalamin) metabolism. There are four complementation classes of cobalamin defects cblC, cblD, cblF, and cblJ that ar...

    Authors: Nadia Waheed, Zafar Fayyaz and Ahmad Imran
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:75
  13. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, with a shifting trend towards the younger population. Paraoxonase1 (PON1) is a glycoprotein enzyme associated with high-density lipo...

    Authors: Rohit Kumar, Vandana Saini, Charanjeet Kaur, H. S. Isser, Nitin Tyagi and Subhra Sahoo
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:74
  14. The pathophysiology underlying Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), especially in older individuals, remains unclear, with a genetic predisposition being reported as the single best predictor of the di...

    Authors: Ker Hsin Ng, Visvaraja Subrayan, Vasudevan Ramachandran and Fazliana Ismail
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:73
  15. Bladder cancer (BCa) and prostate cancer (PCa) are frequent urothelial and genital malignancies with a high ratio of morbidity and mortality which are more common among males. Since BCa and PCa cases are mainl...

    Authors: Malihe Zangoue, Amir Sadra Zangouei, Majid Mojarrad and Meysam Moghbeli
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:72
  16. Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common voiding problem in pediatric populations. Relatively, few studies have investigated the 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and NE associations in children, which may open up a new research...

    Authors: Farida M. El-Baz, Marian G. R. Abdelsayed, Aziza S. Abdel-Hafeez and Reham I. Abdelmageed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:71
  17. Chanarin–Dorfman syndrome (CDS; OMIM # 275630) is a rare neutral lipid storage disorder caused by mutation in ABHD5 (a/b hydrolase domain containing 5″) a cofactor for adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) resulting...

    Authors: Nadia Waheed, Sadaqat Ijaz and Zafar Fayyaz
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:69
  18. Acute leukemias are malignant neoplastic diseases that arise from either lymphoid [ALL] or myeloid [AML] cell lines that are distinguished by the proliferation of BM non-functional immature cells and subsequen...

    Authors: Samir Ali Abd El-Kaream, Samia Abd El-Moneim Ebied, Nadia Ali Sadek, Dina Mohamed Saad and Eman Attia Nadwan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:68
  19. The genetic variation of nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) gene rs4730153 is reported to be associated with cardiometabolic risk, but the results are inconsistent between populations. Ethnicity, met...

    Authors: Anggelia Puspasari, Pramudji Hastuti, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Rosdiana Mus, Citra Maharani and Ika Setyawati
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:67
  20. In recent years, hypermethylation of gene promoters has emerged as one of the fundamental mechanisms for the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes and has a potential role in the early detection of breast can...

    Authors: Azhar Mohamed Nomair, Sanaa Shawky Ahmed, Ayman Farouk Mohammed, Hazem El Mansy and Hanan Mohamed Nomeir
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:66
  21. There are several genetic mutations that carry prognostic and predictive values in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). They are also implicated in disease pathogenesis and patient outcome. They can be a target of no...

    Authors: Hanan M. Bedair, Mohamed H. Attia, Suzy F. Gohar, Fatma M. Khalaf, Sahar Badr El-DIN and Hatem Rabie
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:64
  22. Curcuma longa (Turmeric) is a traditionally used herb in wound healing. The efficacy of fresh turmeric paste to heal wounds has already been investigated in multiple ethnobotanical studies. Wnt/β-catenin signalin...

    Authors: Riyan Al Islam Reshad, Sayka Alam, Humaira Binte Raihan, Kamrun Nahar Meem, Fatima Rahman, Fardin Zahid, Md. Ikram Rafid, S. M. Obaydur Rahman, Sadman Omit and Md. Hazrat Ali
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:65
  23. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most widely recognized type of dementia. It is associated with cell cycle abnormalities including genomic instability and increased micronuclei (MNi) which usually evolve many y...

    Authors: Dalia Farouk Hussen, Ayat Allah Farouk Hussein, Mahmoud Abdel Moety Monzer and Saida Ali Hammad
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:63
  24. The treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-muted non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains among the utmost important unachieved therapeutic need worldwide. Development of EGFR inhibitors to tre...

    Authors: Muhammad Tukur Ibrahim, Adamu Uzairu, Gideon Adamu Shallangwa and Sani Uba
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:62
  25. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have recently been considered promising biomarkers for oncogenesis due to their epigenetic regulatory effects. HOTAIR is one of the oncogenic LncRNAs that was previously studied ...

    Authors: Mona Salah, Hamdy Zawam, Neven Bahaa Fouad, Nohair Soliman and Fatma Abdel Wahab Abdel Maksoud
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:61
  26. It is a known fact that arginine is a common substrate for arginase and nitric oxide synthase (NOS). However, an imbalance between both enzymes could lead to a change in airway responses. Reports suggest that ...

    Authors: Haruna Isiyaku Umar, Tolulope Peter Saliu, Sunday Solomon Josiah, Adeola Ajayi and Jamilu Bala Danjuma
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:60
  27. Although there is relatively much information about the status of cystic fibrosis disease in different countries of the world, limited data are available on this disease among Syrian children. Therefore, we di...

    Authors: Raghad Al-Baba and Almoutassem Billah Zetoune
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:59
  28. Acute myeloid leukemia represents the highest percentage of all adult acute leukemia variants. Runt-related transcription factor1 (RUNX1), a transcription factor with a known tumor suppressor function, was recent...

    Authors: Fadwa Said, Roxan E. Shafik and Naglaa M. Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:58
  29. Genetic predisposition is one of the risk factors for the development of multiple primary cancers (MPCs), the frequency of which increases and ranges from 2 to 17%. This study describes a combination of rare m...

    Authors: Nataliya N. Timoshkina, Dmitry Y. Gvaldin, Ekaterina P. Omelchuk, Larisa N. Vashhenko, Tatjana V. Ausheva, Emma E. Kechedzhieva and Oleg I. Kit
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:57
  30. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (Vit.D) levels associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) may vary according to genetic variants in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene. However, the existing results are not conclusive in ...

    Authors: Soad M. Eweida, Ahmed Salem, Yehia M. Shaker, Nervana Samy, Ibrahim Yassen and Rania Hassan Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:55
  31. The computational biology approach has advanced exponentially in protein secondary structure prediction (PSSP), which is vital for the pharmaceutical industry. Extracting protein structure from the laboratory ...

    Authors: Heba M. Afify, Mohamed B. Abdelhalim, Mai S. Mabrouk and Ahmed Y. Sayed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:54
  32. Motor neurons (MNs) are distinct types of cells in the dorso-ventral axis of the spinal cord. These cells are developed in the presence of two main morphogens, including Sonic hedgehog (Shh) and retinoic acid ...

    Authors: Davood Sanooghi, Parham Vahdani, Zohreh Bagher, Faezeh Faghihi and Abolfazl Lotfi
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:53
  33. The percentage of the multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates is increasing worldwide. The excessive exposure of K. pneumoniae isolates to sublethal concentrations of biocides like benzalkoniu...

    Authors: Engy A. Elekhnawy, Fatma I. Sonbol, Tarek E. Elbanna and Ahmed A. Abdelaziz
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:51
  34. Dendritic cells (DCs) recognize different pathogens and cancer cells and activate the adaptive immune response. The generation of effective DC-based cancer vaccines depends on the appropriate differentiation o...

    Authors: Yousri M. Hussein, Doaa M. Hendawy, Abdalrahman N. Alghamdy and Nermin Raafat
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:50
  35. Healthy aging perceives human longevity probably due to carrying the defensive genes. Forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors provide the most convincing example of a conserved genetic pathway at the point...

    Authors: Neelam Tia, Moti Lal and I. S. Gambhir
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:47
  36. Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a progressive kidney disease that affects diabetic patients irrespective of glycemic state or hypertension. Therefore, early detection of DKD is of critical importance. Many ge...

    Authors: Thoria A. Omar, Shimaa K. Zewain, Mohamed M. Ghonaim, Khadija A. Refaat and Dalia H. Abou-Elela
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:49
  37. Behcet’s disease (BD) is a systemic inflammatory disease of the blood vessels and affects various body parts. This study aimed to determine the association of four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and BD...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Emara, Maiada M. Mahmoud, Mohamed N. Saad, Mai S. Mabrouk, Mohamed Hamed and Olfat G. Shaker
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:46
  38. The relation between PIM2 and the transcriptional factor NF κβ have been controversial in literature. The significance of PIM2 and NF-κβ genes expression on the incidence of acute leukemia (AML and ALL) and its r...

    Authors: Shymaa Kamal El Din Abed El Rahman, Sanaa Sayed Abd Elshafy, Mohamed Samra, Hala Mohammed Ali and Rabab Afifi Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:44
  39. The molecular mechanisms for chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain largely unknown and appear to be multifactorial. In the current study, we aimed to study the circulatory levels of circular ankyrin repeat domai...

    Authors: Nearmeen M. Rashad, Mohamed H. Sherif, Amal S. El-Shal and Mona A. E. Abdelsamad
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:43
  40. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rare inflammatory disorder affecting the spinal joints. Although we know some of the genetic factors that are associated with the disease, the molecular basis of this illness h...

    Authors: Rowan AlEjielat, Anas Khaleel and Amneh H. Tarkhan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:42
  41. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive multisystem disease that results from mutation(s) of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. More than 2100 mutations and polymorphisms ...

    Authors: Asal Gailan Abdul-Qadir, Bassam Musa Al-Musawi, Rabab Farhan Thejeal and Saad Abdul-Baqi Al-Omar
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:45
  42. Genetic variation has a key role in the development of asthma, but genetic influences may vary between different populations. In this study, we looked for evidence of association of key asthma SNPs, namely, rs...

    Authors: Mouna Ziani, Amanda P. Henry and Ian P. Hall
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:40
  43. The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is currently a global threat to health and economies. Therapeutics and vaccines are in rapid development; however, none of these therapeutics are considered as absolute cure, a...

    Authors: Olanrewaju Ayodeji Durojaye, Nkwachukwu Oziamara Okoro and Arome Solomon Odiba
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:48
  44. Among ten hearing-impaired (HI) families mostly of German descent dwelling the Venezuelan isolate Colonia Tovar, which were initially studied several decades ago to assess the etiology of their profound/prelin...

    Authors: Sergio Arias, Irene Paradisi, Alba Hernández and Daniela Kanzler
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:39
  45. The treatment of many cancers and genetic diseases relies on novel engraftment approaches such as cell therapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, these methods are hindered by the all...

    Authors: Farshid Amiri, Maryam Ranjbar, Mohammad Pirouzfar, Marjan Nourigorji and Mehdi Dianatpour
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:37
  46. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disorder characterized by a rapid onset of symptoms attributable to bone marrow failure due to clonal proliferation of primitive hematopoietic stem cells or progenitor cells. ...

    Authors: Rawda Ahmed Alaa Eldin, Amany Ahmed Osman, Mona Fathey Abdel Fattah Hassan, Shereen Abdel Monem Ibrahim and Yasmin Nabil El-Sakhawy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:36
  47. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the expression of the BCR-ABL1 fusion gene. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are used to treat CML, but mutations in the tyrosine k...

    Authors: Syarifah Faezah Syed Mohamad and Marjanu Hikmah Elias
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 2021 22:35

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